Migrations Will Shape Africa’s Future As Population Balloons – Afrobarometer

By Soko Directory Team / March 26, 2019




Africa’s population is ballooning with each passing day. Experts say that the continent will see her population double in the next 30 years, beating all the other continents.

By 2050, it is projected that one in every four humans will be African as the continent doubles its population, accounting for more than half of global population growth according to stats released by Afrobarometer.

Even with a land mass greater than India, China, the United States, and Europe combined, and blessed with one-third of the earth’s mineral resources, Africa might not be able to provide the livelihood opportunities its people demand and need.

Despite significant economic growth in many African countries over the past two decades, a substantial number of Africans still see leaving their country to seek out a better future as their best option.

Willing to risk abuse and enslavement, death in the desert or at sea, and hardship upon arrival, African emigrants have placed themselves on front pages and political agendas around the world.

Although only 14 percent of the 258 million international migrants worldwide in 2017 were born in Africa – one-third the number of Asian-born migrants (United Nations, 2017) – sub-Saharan African nations account for eight of the 10 fastest-growing international migrant populations.

The number of emigrants from each of these Sub-Saharan countries grew by 50 percent or more between 2010 and 2017. At the country level, only Syria had a higher rate of growth in the number of citizens living in other countries.

Stats from Afrobarometer

On average across 34 countries, one in four Africans, (25 percent), say someone in their family has lived in another country during the past three years. About one in five, (21 percent), say they depend at least “a little bit” on remittances sent from abroad.

More than one in three Africans (37 percent) have considered emigrating, including 18 percent who have given this “a lot” of thought. A majority of citizens say they have thought at least “a little bit” about leaving Cabo Verde (57 percent), Sierra Leone (57 percent), the Gambia (56 percent), Togo (54 percent), and São Tomé and Príncipe (54 percent).

Source: Afrobarometer Report

 

Among those who have considered emigrating (“potential emigrants”), on average one in 10 (9 percent) – or about 3 percent of the total population – say they are currently making preparations to move. These proportions are highest in Zimbabwe and Lesotho.

Young adults and highly educated citizens are most likely to consider leaving their country: Around half of each group say they have considered it at least “a little bit.”

In contrast, individuals’ experience of poverty does not have a large impact on their interest in emigrating, though it does significantly affect the reasons why they consider such a move.

The poorest are much more likely to see emigration as a means of escape from their hardships, while the wealthiest are more likely to cite diverse motivations such as education, adventure, and business opportunities.

Among potential emigrants, more than one-third would like to move to another country within their region (29 percent) or elsewhere in Africa (7 percent). This preference for staying on the continent is especially strong in Southern Africa (58 percent) and weakest in North Africa (8 percent).

Europe (27 percent) and North America (22 percent) are the most preferred destinations outside of Africa. In almost all countries, by far the most frequently cited reasons for emigrating are to look for work (44 percent on average) and to escape poverty and economic hardship (29 percent).

Source: Afrobarometer Report

 

In line with widespread interest in intra-regional migration and the pursuit of economic opportunity, a majority (56 percent) of Africans think people should be able to move freely across international borders within their region. But the same proportion (56 percent) say they find it difficult to cross borders to work or trade-in another country.



About Soko Directory Team

Soko Directory is a Financial and Markets digital portal that tracks brands, listed firms on the NSE, SMEs and trend setters in the markets eco-system.Find us on Facebook: facebook.com/SokoDirectory and on Twitter: twitter.com/SokoDirectory

View other posts by Soko Directory Team


More Articles From This Author








Other Related Articles










SOKO DIRECTORY & FINANCIAL GUIDE

ARCHIVES

2019
  • January 2019 (256)
  • February 2019 (216)
  • March 2019 (287)
  • April 2019 (254)
  • May 2019 (220)
  • 2018
  • January 2018 (291)
  • February 2018 (219)
  • March 2018 (278)
  • April 2018 (225)
  • May 2018 (238)
  • June 2018 (178)
  • July 2018 (257)
  • August 2018 (249)
  • September 2018 (256)
  • October 2018 (287)
  • November 2018 (285)
  • December 2018 (187)
  • 2017
  • January 2017 (183)
  • February 2017 (195)
  • March 2017 (207)
  • April 2017 (104)
  • May 2017 (169)
  • June 2017 (206)
  • July 2017 (190)
  • August 2017 (195)
  • September 2017 (186)
  • October 2017 (235)
  • November 2017 (253)
  • December 2017 (266)
  • 2016
  • January 2016 (166)
  • February 2016 (165)
  • March 2016 (190)
  • April 2016 (143)
  • May 2016 (246)
  • June 2016 (183)
  • July 2016 (271)
  • August 2016 (249)
  • September 2016 (234)
  • October 2016 (191)
  • November 2016 (243)
  • December 2016 (153)
  • 2015
  • January 2015 (1)
  • February 2015 (4)
  • March 2015 (166)
  • April 2015 (109)
  • May 2015 (117)
  • June 2015 (121)
  • July 2015 (150)
  • August 2015 (157)
  • September 2015 (189)
  • October 2015 (170)
  • November 2015 (174)
  • December 2015 (208)
  • 2014
  • March 2014 (2)
  • 2013
  • March 2013 (10)
  • June 2013 (1)
  • 2012
  • March 2012 (7)
  • April 2012 (15)
  • May 2012 (1)
  • July 2012 (1)
  • August 2012 (4)
  • October 2012 (2)
  • November 2012 (2)
  • December 2012 (1)
  • 2011
    2010
    2009
    2008
    2007
    2006
    2005
    2004
    2003
    2002
    2001
    2000
    1999
    1998
    1997
    1996
    1995
    1994
    1993
    1992
    1991
    1990
    1989
    1988
    1987
    1986
    1985
    1984
    1983
    1982
    1981
    1980
    1979
    1978
    1977
    1976
    1975
    1974
    1973
    1972
    1971
    1970
    1969
    1968
    1967
    1966
    1965
    1964
    1963
    1962
    1961
    1960
    1959
    1958
    1957
    1956
    1955
    1954
    1953
    1952
    1951
    1950