Construction County Approvals: What You Need To Know While Planning to Build

By Soko Directory Team / June 15, 2019




By Dennis Orenge

It is the dream of most people to own a home. In Kenya, this dream begins with the acquisition of knowledge on how to own a home.

The market has a variety of options for the keen observer on how to become a homeowner. As much as there are many models of home ownership that are much more recent, we still have a large group of people who prefer the “traditional” model of home ownership.

In this “traditional” method of home ownership, one buys the land first and then builds his or her home. With the recent demolitions by the County Government of Nairobi, most developers are not at ease.

Not long ago, before the devolved system of government, most developers would erect their buildings without any checks and balances from the authorities.

Since the devolved system of government started being operational, any building in construction requires to be approved by the relevant authorities under whose jurisdiction they fall.

The approval bodies are;

  • The County Government
  • The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)
  • National Construction Authority (NCA)
  • Water Resources Management Authority (WARMA)
  • Kenya National Highways Authority (KENHA)
  • Kenya Airports Authority (KAA)

It should be noted that not all these approving bodies will necessarily approve your project. On average, the approving bodies whose permission you will need to seek for your construction are the County Government, the NEMA, and the NCA.

Depending on the nature of your project, the location of your site and other parameters you might need to seek approval from more than the standard three approving bodies.

The County Governments are quickly collecting revenue from this process since they are the first approval authority through which construction permits are issued.

As the city of Nairobi becomes too expensive to buy a piece of land and build for a majority of Kenyans, the surrounding Counties are quickly becoming a much more affordable option.

To the North of Nairobi is Kiambu county, to the South West is Kajiado county and Machakos county is on the South East of Nairobi County. We shall discuss the County approval process for Kajiado and Kiambu in later articles.

For the County Government of Machakos, under which Mavoko as a sub-county falls, we have the following requirements for

BUILDING PLANS APPROVAL

  • Authentic Ownership Documents (A copy of the Title Deed and the current official search from the lands office)
  • At least five sets of building plans for the Architectural Drawings and the Structural Engineers Drawings(Names on the blueprints should tally with those on the ownership documents)
  • Copies of the Architect and the Structural Engineer’s valid practicing Licences.
  • Land rates clearance
  • Submission Time taken for this is 5-15 minutes however; this largely depends on the complexity of the plans to be approved.

After submission, the Maximum approval period should be 14 days to allow for the Town Planners deliberations and meeting, which is done fortnightly. The Town Planners also carry out site visits to ascertain the veracity of the submission and they also confirm the land particulars with the NLC.*

When a landowner decides to develop a project

  1. beyond the scope that is allowed by the County
  2. beyond the allowable densities e.g building a flat

they are required to apply for a change of user. A Physical Planner prepares this.

CHANGE OF USER/ EXTENSION OF USER *

  • Authentic Ownership documents (A copy of the Title Deed and the current official search from the lands office)
  • At least five planning briefs (should have Newspaper Advertisement Notice, Site Notice and Location Plan)
  • Physical Planner’s valid Practicing Certificate
  • Land Rates Clearance

Submission time taken for this should be in 3-10 minutes.

After submission, the Maximum approval period should be 14 days to allow for the Town Planners deliberations and meeting which is done fortnightly. The Town Planners also carry out site visits to ascertain the veracity of the submission and they also confirm the land particulars with the NLC.*

The County approvals are necessary for development control and adequate planning of any given town. It, however, does not mean that since the building was approved, it was built as per the design. In a real sense, the developer needs to have a competent team of building professionals to ensure that their project is done well, to the right specifications and is safe to use.

About Author

Dennis Orenge is a Nairobi based practicing Architect with a passion for architecture and art. His outlook on matters relating to the built environment is both witty and informative. Dennis can be reached at +254725105410.



About Soko Directory Team

Soko Directory is a Financial and Markets digital portal that tracks brands, listed firms on the NSE, SMEs and trend setters in the markets eco-system.Find us on Facebook: facebook.com/SokoDirectory and on Twitter: twitter.com/SokoDirectory

View other posts by Soko Directory Team


More Articles From This Author








Other Related Articles










SOKO DIRECTORY & FINANCIAL GUIDE

ARCHIVES

2019
  • January 2019 (256)
  • February 2019 (216)
  • March 2019 (285)
  • April 2019 (254)
  • May 2019 (272)
  • June 2019 (251)
  • July 2019 (339)
  • August 2019 (293)
  • September 2019 (307)
  • October 2019 (158)
  • 2018
  • January 2018 (291)
  • February 2018 (219)
  • March 2018 (278)
  • April 2018 (225)
  • May 2018 (238)
  • June 2018 (178)
  • July 2018 (257)
  • August 2018 (249)
  • September 2018 (256)
  • October 2018 (287)
  • November 2018 (284)
  • December 2018 (187)
  • 2017
  • January 2017 (183)
  • February 2017 (195)
  • March 2017 (207)
  • April 2017 (104)
  • May 2017 (169)
  • June 2017 (205)
  • July 2017 (190)
  • August 2017 (195)
  • September 2017 (186)
  • October 2017 (235)
  • November 2017 (253)
  • December 2017 (266)
  • 2016
  • January 2016 (165)
  • February 2016 (165)
  • March 2016 (190)
  • April 2016 (143)
  • May 2016 (245)
  • June 2016 (182)
  • July 2016 (271)
  • August 2016 (248)
  • September 2016 (234)
  • October 2016 (191)
  • November 2016 (243)
  • December 2016 (153)
  • 2015
  • January 2015 (1)
  • February 2015 (4)
  • March 2015 (166)
  • April 2015 (108)
  • May 2015 (116)
  • June 2015 (120)
  • July 2015 (148)
  • August 2015 (157)
  • September 2015 (188)
  • October 2015 (169)
  • November 2015 (174)
  • December 2015 (207)
  • 2014
  • March 2014 (2)
  • 2013
  • March 2013 (10)
  • June 2013 (1)
  • 2012
  • March 2012 (7)
  • April 2012 (15)
  • May 2012 (1)
  • July 2012 (1)
  • August 2012 (4)
  • October 2012 (2)
  • November 2012 (2)
  • December 2012 (1)
  • 2011
    2010
    2009
    2008
    2007
    2006
    2005
    2004
    2003
    2002
    2001
    2000
    1999
    1998
    1997
    1996
    1995
    1994
    1993
    1992
    1991
    1990
    1989
    1988
    1987
    1986
    1985
    1984
    1983
    1982
    1981
    1980
    1979
    1978
    1977
    1976
    1975
    1974
    1973
    1972
    1971
    1970
    1969
    1968
    1967
    1966
    1965
    1964
    1963
    1962
    1961
    1960
    1959
    1958
    1957
    1956
    1955
    1954
    1953
    1952
    1951
    1950